Is it An Emergency? Know The Signs

Guest Post by John M. Caviness copywriter at Write My Paper.

Does Your Dog Need to See the Vet Urgently?

The Seizuring Dog

Not many sights are as frightening to a dog lover as a dog in full-blown seizures. In simplest terms, seizures are a short circuit in the electrical pathways in the brain. Too many neurons fire at once, without the normal controls in place. Seizures can have many causes, ranging from genetic predispositions (epilepsy) to poisons to metabolic diseases to cancer or trauma. One of the most common causes in purebred dogs is a genetic predisposition.

Signs You Will See

Most dogs show distinct “pre-ictal” or pre-seizure behaviors. They may become very clingy, pacing and acting uncomfortable, and some go off to a safe hiding place. If your dog has epilepsy, you will usually be able to detect a pattern to the seizures. Once your dog starts into a seizure, she may stagger around, fall down, or lie with her feet moving.

Many dogs howl, and often they urinate or defecate. After a seizure, your dog will be exhausted as seizures drain a lot of energy. Some dogs are disoriented after a seizure or may even be temporarily blind.

Often dogs become upset when they see or smell the urine or stool as they are normally well housebroken.



Abdominal Trauma

While broken bones and damage to the chest and lungs are usually apparent right away, trauma injuries to the abdomen may be subtler in appearance. If your dog is bleeding internally, she may look fine at first glance. A check of her gums or feeling her pulse may indicate otherwise.
Any distension, or expansion, of the abdomen, could indicate free blood or urine pooling in the tissues. This is cause for alarm, as is blood in the urine or stool. If your dog is suddenly very touchy about having her abdomen touched or “splints” her abdomen (holding it very taut) you know she has pain there.

Treating Trauma

When a dog with obvious trauma arrives at the veterinary hospital or emergency clinic, the first actions are to guard against shock. Your dog’s breathing, heart rate, and temperature will quickly be checked. Direct pressure is put on any bleeding areas. An intravenous line will be placed so that fluids can be quickly injected into her system to combat shock, along with any necessary medications. Many of these tasks are performed by skilled veterinary technicians. In the meantime, your veterinarian will do an overall evaluation of your dog. Most trauma cases will require a chest X-ray.




Bloating and Swelling

Bloat is a word that strikes fear in the hearts of many dog lovers. Bloat is a simple term for gastric dilatation/volvulus. This condition causes the stomach to fill up with air and often to twist. Twisting shuts off the openings where the extra air could have escaped and also may tighten down on blood vessels, cutting off the free flow of blood to and from the stomach. This is a life-threatening, very serious emergency.

What Causes Bloat?

Research into the causes of bloat is quite extensive and continues even today. Researchers at Purdue University have looked at many aspects of dogs’ daily lives for clues to this problem. Bloat tends to occur in large and medium-sized breeds such as Irish setters and Great Danes, with dachshunds being one of the smaller breeds in which it is seen. What many of these breeds have in common is a deep chest. That conformation may allow more room for the stomach to move.  Experienced dog people know that it is wise to rest your dog for at least an hour after a meal, letting food digest while your dog is quiet. It also helps to limit the amount your dog can drink right before and after a meal. Some research has looked into different types of diets as factors, such as dry food versus canned, and even certain ingredients, but there are currently no clear answers.

How to Handle Bloat

If you suspect your dog is bloating, you should call your veterinarian or emergency clinic right away. When you arrive, they will quickly evaluate your dog, palpating her abdomen and listening to her heart. The next step is to try and pass a stomach tube. If the tube goes in and gas is released, your dog will immediately feel much more comfortable. If the tube can’t get into the stomach due to a twist, your veterinarian may stick a large needle right through the body wall into the distended stomach to relieve pressure and release some gas. Your dog will then head into surgery if her heart is stable.




Few things are scarier than seeing your dog suddenly collapse. A few quick observations as you head for the veterinarian can help assure your dog gets the proper treatment as quickly as possible. There are multiple causes of collapse and these can vary with the age of your dog.

Problems of the Heart

Atrial and ventricular fibrillation, in which the small atrial or larger ventricular chambers of the heartbeat so fast they don’t actually move much blood, can also lead to acute collapse. This can be caused by damage to the heart muscle or the nerves controlling the heart rate or by stimulating toxins. This condition may be diagnosed in a routine exam, or you may notice a lack of energy and stamina in your dog.




About the author:

John M. Caviness is a successful copywriter at write my paper service. This job gives him an opportunity to express his opinion and thoughts on different topics including motivation. Besides, he likes walking in the park with his wonderful dog.


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